No temporary unemployment due to corona for quarantined employees returning from a red zone!

Author: Catherine Legardien (Legal Expert)

Since 31 December 2020, anyone returning to Belgium after a stay of at least 48 hours in a red zone must quarantine. Some of your employees may therefore not be able to resume work if they have taken advantage of the Christmas period to take a few days' holiday abroad.

The Minister for Employment has also recently confirmed that the employee, who is quarantined as a result of returning from a holiday in a red zone, will not be able to receive a temporary unemployment benefit due to force majeure "COVID-19".

A red, orange and green world

The Federal Public Service Foreign Affairs ( updates the list of countries/regions in the red, orange or green zones on a daily basis.

What do these colour codes actually mean?

Red zone

  • travel is strictly discouraged by the Belgian authorities; or
  • the authorities in this country prohibit non-essential travel from Belgium.

Orange zone

  • the Belgian authorities are urging increased caution; or
  • travel is possible, but the authorities in this country require travellers from Belgium to undergo a COVID test and/or quarantine -> light orange.

Green zone

Travel is possible. Hygiene measures and physical distancing rules remain applicable.

It should be noted that the majority of European countries are currently classified as a red zone

What should your employees returning from abroad do?

On their return to Belgium after a stay abroad and regardless of the colour of the area assigned to the country of destination, your employees must complete the Passenger Locator Form within 48 hours before his or her arrival in Belgium, in the following two situations:

  • if they return to Belgium by plane or boat,
  • in any case, if they have stayed abroad for more than 48 hours.

They must also complete a self-assessment questionnaire on the conditions of their travel and/or stay abroad.

If, following examination of the Passenger Locator Form and of the self-assessment questionnaire, any of your employees are considered to be a “high-risk contact” (which should generally be the case if they are returning from a red zone), they must get a test and comply with a seven-day quarantine.

Important note!

Since 31 December 2020, anyone who returns after a stay of at least 48 hours in a red zone is considered a "high-risk contact". These persons must be tested on the 1st and 7th day of their return to Belgium and they are also subject to a quarantine period, which will only be lifted in the event of a negative test result on the 7th day.

However, there are strict exceptions to the mandatory quarantine following a return from a red zone, in particular for:

What if one of your employees has to quarantine himself/herself?

The quarantined employee must immediately inform you of this. If you so request, he must also present you with a quarantine certificate.

However, if it is possible for your quarantined employee to perform his work by, for example, using teleworking, he will continue to receive his usual wages payable by you.

On the other hand, if your employee is unable to perform his work due to his quarantine, two cases must be distinguished:

  • your employee does not return from a red zone: his contract will, in principle, be suspended due to force majeure. He may therefore claim temporary unemployment benefits for “COVID-19” force majeure, paid by the ONEM/RVA (National Employment Office).In this respect, the ONEM/RVA specifies that temporary unemployment benefits will only be granted if your employee is able to produce a quarantine certificate from his doctor.
  • your employee returns from a red zone: he will not, in principle, be entitled to a temporary unemployment benefit due to force majeure "COVID-19", paid by the ONEm/RVA. The Minister for Employment and the NEO have recently confirmed this rule, which has already been applied previously. In this case, if the employee cannot perform his employment contract (for example, because teleworking is not possible) or use leave days or compensatory rest days to cover the quarantine period, the performance of his contract will be suspended in the form of authorised absence without compensation payable by you.

Sources: FPS Foreign Affairs; Ministerial Order of 28 October 2020 on emergency measures to limit the spread of coronavirus COVID-19, Belgian Official Gazette 28 October 2020; ; ONEM FAQ ;

The Partena Professional website is a channel for making information available in an understandable form to affiliated members and non-members.

Partena Professional strives to provide up-to-date information and this information is compiled with the greatest care (including in the form of Infoflashes).

However, as social and fiscal legislation is constantly changing, Partena Professional cannot accept any liability for the correctness, the up-to-date or the completeness of the information consulted or exchanged via this website.

Further provisions can be read in our general disclaimer that applies to every consultation of this website. By consulting this website, you expressly accept the provisions of this disclaimer. Partena Professional can unilaterally change the content of this disclaimer.